喜马拉雅音乐fm交流群

正在写英语作文,突然忘词了,怎么办?

宇恒文化2018-11-08 12:09:26


忘词,是同学们都经历过的事情,越是想要表达它的时候,就越是找不到合适的词。也许你想说的就在嘴边,但就是忘了怎么拼写。


如何应付这种情况使作文顺利进行下去?一起跟宇恒君去看看吧。


01
试用笼统词


英语语言中笼统词有have、take等,笼统词的重要特点在于意义广泛,搭配性强,构成词组后可以替代众多具体动词。虽然不能精确表达一个动作,却能够大致表达出来。在一些具体动词写不出来的时候,用这些笼统词取代,也能收到异曲同工的效果。


例如我经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。

I experienced a terrible hard time.


这一句中,experience被遗忘时,用have代替,成为:I had a terrible hard time. 其效果及表达的意义决不亚于第一句。这样的例子还很多。如:


Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?


I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.


I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.


They occupied the city. = They took the city.


The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.


从以上的例句不难看出,具体词音节较多,使用频率不高,容易遗忘,而笼统词则不然。因此,在写作文的时候,用笼统词取代具体词,不失为一种应急良策。




02
联想有关词汇


当遗忘产生时,或遇到未曾学过的词时,应采取放射性思维,发挥想象力,想出一切与之有关的单词,利用语言的内在联系,多层次、多角度地运用语言。一般情况下,联想可按下列思路进行:①联想同义词;②联想反义词


英语语言中众多的同义词在许多情况下是可以通用的。利用这一规律,由于某个单词受阻而影响全篇写作的情况便不会出现。试看下列句子:


I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night.


Nightmare使用频率不太高,因此不太好记。而其同义词bad dream却很容易记,以后者取代前者丝毫不影响原句的意义。再比如:I don‘t understand this word. 也可以说成 I don’t know this word.


另外:


He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.


The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.


They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.


His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.


英语语言中词与词之间是有联系的,词与词之间语义的“共核”现象即所谓的同义词。丰富的同义词给我们提供了极大的方便。


同样,用其反义词来取代某一遗忘了的词也是可行的,请看下面的例子:


He is stubborn. = He is not tame.


The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.


This is expensive. = This is not cheap.


She is talkative. = She is never quiet.




03
试用解释性语句


语言的功能在于表达,而表达的方式是多种多样的。英语当中多功能解释性语句,就可以起到这一作用。请看下面的句子:


He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak.


He refused. = He said “no”.


I’ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice.


解释性语句能帮助我们巧妙地避开一些大词、难词,又能使意思表达流畅,不失为一个聪明之举。




同学们,你们学会了吗?



本文来源:高考直通车。

宇恒君尊重原创,如有涉及侵权等行为,可联系删除。


更多精选文章

1.中高考电脑阅卷流程“潜规则”!读完少丢20分,一定要收藏!


2.一位老师写给早恋学生的信爆红网络,快转给孩子看看!


3.中高考改革,这9类孩子永远拿不到高分!家长不看又耽误一学期!