学习外语的五个认知益处| 5 Cognitive Benefits Of Learning A Foreign Language
Physiological studies have found that speaking two or more languages is a great asset to the cognitive process. The brains of bilingual people operate differently than monolingual speakers, and these differences offer several mental benefits. Below are five cognitive advantages to learning a foreign language.
Speaking a foreign language improves the functionality of your brain by challenging it to recognize, negotiate meaning, and communicate in different language systems. Students who study foreign languages tend to score better on standardized tests than their monolingual peers, particularly in the categories of mathematics, reading, and vocabulary.
You become more perceptive
A study from Spain’s University of Pompeu Fabra revealed that multilingual people are more adept at focusing on relevant information and editing out the irrelevant. They’re also better at spotting misleading information.
You become more creative
When one is faced with unfamiliar words or phrases, it inevitably requires creativity in order to communicate effectively. The more you exercise your creative “muscle”, the better your creativity skill becomes.
Memory skills are better protected
A study conducted in Luxembourg found those who speak more than two languages might be at lower risk of onset memory problems like Alzheimer's and dementia. And the benefit appears to be a compounding one, as the risk proved lowest in those fluent in four or more languages.
Decision-making is simpler in a foreign language
Researchers at the University of Chicago found that we are able to think more rationally, and with less bias, when we use a foreign tongue to weigh the options of a decision. Surprisingly, foreign language framing also reduces loss aversion. They attributed these effects to the fact that a foreign language permits greater emotional distance when evaluating what's at risk in the decision.