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学好外语必须知道的8个技巧

唯美英语2018-12-05 16:28:46

我们在学习第二语言的过程中,我们总会经历种种挫折和苦恼。不过不用担心,只要掌握了足够的技巧,成为一个通晓双语、说得像当地人一样自信而流利的人,指日可待!


这里,小编为你准备了8个学习语言的技巧:



1
KNOW WHY YOU’RE DOING IT
知道自己为何而学



If you don’t have a good reason to learn a language, you are less likely to stay motivated over the long-run. No matter your reason, once you’ve decided on a language, it’s crucial to commit.

如果你没有学习一门语言的好理由,你就更难保持一个长期的积极性。无论你的理由是什么,一旦你决心学习一门语言,承诺至关重要。




2
FIND A PARTNER
结伴学习



If you can’t get a sibling to join you on your language adventure, having any kind of partner will push both of you to always try just a little bit harder and stay with it. You have someone with whom you can speak, and that’s the idea behind learning a language.

如果说你没有兄弟姐妹和你一起学习语言,找一个学习伙伴可以使你们都更努力,并保持下去。有一个可以和你交流的人,这是学习一门语言的真谛。

 



3
KEEP IT RELEVANT
学以致用



If you make conversation a goal from the beginning, you are less likely to get lost in textbooks.You’re learning a language to be able to use it. The creative side is really being able to put the language that you’re learning into a more useful, general, everyday setting – be that through writing songs, generally wanting to speak to people, or using it when you go abroad. 

如果从一开始就把交流设为目标的话,你大概就不会迷失在课本里。你学习一门语言就是为了去使用它。有创造力地使用一门语言,可以让你的学习变得更实用,更生活化——比如通过写歌,与人交流或者出国时使用它来进行日常操练。

 



4
ACT LIKE A CHILD
学着像孩子一样



The key to learning as quickly as a child may be to simply take on certain childlike attitudes: lack of self-consciousness, a desire to play in the language and willingness to make mistakes.

像孩子一样学得飞快的关键,或许是采取孩子般的心态:不太在意自己,渴望在语言中游戏以及乐于犯错。


We learn by making mistakes. As kids, we are expected to make mistakes, but as adults mistakes become taboo. Think how an adult is more likely to say, “I can’t”, rather than, “I haven’t learned that yet”. When it comes to learning a language, admitting that you don’t know everything (and being okay with that) is the key to growth and freedom. 

我们通过犯错来学习。身为孩子,我们被期待犯错,但是大人犯错却是禁忌。大人总会说“我不会”而不是“我还没学会”。在学习语言的时候,承认你一无所知(并欣然接受),才会让你成长和自由。

 



5
LEAVE YOUR COMFORT ZONE
离开你的舒适区



Willingness to make mistakes means being ready to put yourself in potentially embarrassing situations. No matter how much you learn, you won’t ever speak a language without putting yourself out there: talk to strangers in the language, ask for directions, order food, try to tell a joke. The more often you do this, the bigger your comfort zone becomes and the more at ease you can be in new situations.

乐于犯错意味着准备好将自己置于尴尬的境地。无论你学了多少,如果不离开舒适区,你永远无法学会说一种语言:用新的语言向陌生人问路、点餐、讲笑话。练习得越多,你的舒适区就越广,你在新环境就越自如。




6
 LISTEN
聆听



You must learn to listen before you can speak. We’re able to pronounce anything, it’s just we’re not used to doing it. The best way to go about mastering that is actually to hear it constantly, to listen to it and to kind of visualize or imagine how that is supposed to be pronounced, because for every sound there is a specific part of the mouth or throat that we use in order to achieve that sound.

说之前必须学会听。我们可以发任何音,只是还不习惯。掌握它们的最好方法就是时常听,听并想象它是怎样发音的,因为每个声音都需要使用嘴或喉咙的特定部位来发出那个声音。




7
WATCH PEOPLE TALK
观察别人讲话 



Different languages make different demands on your tongue, lips and throat. Pronunciation is just as much physical as it is mental. One way is to really look at someone while they’re saying words that use that sound, and then to try to imitate that sound as much as possible. If you can’t watch and imitate a native-speaker in person, watching foreign-language films and TV is a good substitute.

不同语言对舌头、嘴唇和喉咙的需求不同。发音不仅需要大脑,也需要身体的配合。一种方法是别人说话的时候仔细观察他,然后试着模仿那种声音。如果你无法面对面观察一位讲母语的人,看外语电影或电视也是不错的选择。

 



8
 DIVE IN
融入语言环境   



So you’ve made the pledge. How to proceed? Is there a proper way to go about learning? We recommend the 360° maximalist approach: no matter which learning tools you use, it’s crucial to practice your new language every single day.

所以你做出了保证。那么如何进行?有没有学习的好方法?我们建议360°全方位接触:无论你使用何种工具,一定要每天练习新语言。