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讲堂 TED:如何在六个月内学好一门外语

译·世界2019-01-10 15:19:55

怎样帮助一位普通的成年人更快、更容易和有效地学会第二门语言?最近一个TED视频《如何在六个月内学会一门外语》火遍微博。如此精彩,聪明的你一定不会错过。



Five principles 5个原则


1Focus on language content that is relevant to you.
专注和你日常相关的语言内容。


2Use your language as a tool to communicate from day 1.
从学习这门语言的第一天开始,就把它当做你的交流方式。


3When you understand the message you will acquire the language unconsciously.当你明白含义之后,你会慢慢不知不觉地习得这门语言。


4Language is not about accumulating a lot of knowledge but is rather a type of physiological training.语言学习不是大量知识的积累,而更像是一种生理训练。


5Psycho-physiological state matters – you need to be happy, relaxed, and most importantly, you need to be tolerant of ambiguity. Don’t try to understand every detail as it will drive you crazy.心理状态和生理状态都很重要:你需要愉快、放松,最重要的是对于模棱两可要有一定容忍性。对于细枝末节不要过于纠结,因为那会把你逼疯的。



Sactions 七个行动


1
Listen a lot – it doesn't matter if you understand or not. Listen to rhythms and patterns.多听——理解与否不重要,尽管去听吧!去听听语言节奏和说话模式。
2
Focus on getting the meaning first,before the words. Body language and facial expressions can help.先专注理解整体意思,再弄清单词含义。身体语言和面部表情会有所帮助。
3
Start mixing, get creative, and use what you're learning.开始混合,创造话语并使用你所学到的一切。
4
Focus on the core – use the most commonly used words, and use the language to learn more.把注意力集中在核心部分——使用高频词汇,利用你已经学会的东西学到更多。
5
Get a language partner - someone who is fluent in the language and who will do their best to understand what you mean;who will not correct your mistakes; who will feedback their understanding of what you're saying using correct language and words that you know.找个语伴——能流利讲这门语言的人,或者能尽可能理解你说什么的人。注意,语伴不会纠正你的错误,但能够用正确的语言、你明白的语言来对你的表现做出反馈。
6
Copy the face – watch native speakers and observe their face, and particular their mouth moves when they're speaking.模仿面部表情——有些人的母语正是你要学习的新语言,你要观看他们讲话,观察他们的面部表情、尤其是讲话时的嘴型。
7
“Direct connect” to the target language – find ways to connect words directly with images and other internal representations.在大脑和目的语之间建立“直接联系”——想办法让语言和大脑中的图像或其他内部表象产生直接联系。


来源:TED